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Pro se

Latin for in one’s own behalf. This term is used to refer to a person who is representing oneself in court. Where an attorney would place under their signature their name followed by counsel or lead counsel. If you are pro se you would place your name followed by pro se or counsel pro se.

The right to appear pro se in a civil case in federal court is defined by statute 28 U.S.C. § 1654. Thus, with some limitations, anyone can appear pro se, and anyone who appears before the Court without an attorney is considered pro se.

28 U.S. Code § 1654 – Appearance personally or by counsel

In all courts of the United States the parties may plead and conduct their own cases personally or by counsel as, by the rules of such courts, respectively, are permitted to manage and conduct causes therein.

(June 25, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 944; May 24, 1949, ch. 139, § 91, 63 Stat. 103.)



Pro Per

Latin abbreviation for in propria persona meaning in their own person. It means that you are representing yourself in court just like the similar and more common term pro se.

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